Oral herpes is a condition caused by the herpes simplex virus. Oral herpes causes sores to break out on your lips, gums, and the inside of your cheeks. People contract oral herpes by exposure to the saliva of an infected person. As it is highly contagious, most people come in contact with oral herpes in their lifetime. Sometimes the disease produces no discernable symptoms, known as an asymptomatic infection. Not knowing that they have the disease, it is easily spread through kissing, sharing food or drink, or other common saliva exposure. Statistics show that asymptomatic herpes is twice as common as having recognizable symptoms.

The first signs of oral herpes include itching and burning of the mouth, lips and tongue. The actual symptoms can include soreness, fever, irritability and body aches. Then blisters form on the mouth, which look like white spots on a red surface. This is the most painful part of the disease and the breakout and accompanying stymptoms can last up to three weeks. After initial infection, the virus moves to the nervous tissue of the spine where it reproduces but becomes dormant. Under the right conditions, like stress or other problems that weaken the immune system, the virus can reactivate and produce symptoms again. Herpes, once contracted can be contained but never completely eliminated from the body.

Oral herpes can develop in babies and children as well as adults. Although the herpes virus is not life threatening in itself, it causes the person not to want to eat or drink, thus risking dehydration. If someone is not able to eat or drink from the disease, it is imperative to see medical care as dehydration, especially in babies, children and the elderly, can be dangerous. They may need to be put on intravenous fluids. People with weakened immune symptoms due to other conditions or the effects of cancer treatment, may develop a more serious viral infection from herpes. The treatment for herpes for people with healthy immune systems may include over the counter pain and fever relievers and in some cases oral rinses and topical medication to reduce the painful symptoms.

According to the Center for Disease Control, genital herpes is the combination of two strains of the herpes virus, herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2. Statistics show that one out of every six people in the sexually active age range of 14 to 49 years old will get genital herpes. Many individuals infected by genital herpes experience no symptoms at first, and unknowingly spread the disease to their partner through sexual activity.

If you suspect that your or your partner have genital herpes, it is important to get tested as soon as possible, and educate yourself on the signs and symptoms so that you can live a normal, healthy life between breakouts. If you are pregnant, it is important to inform your doctor as soon as you suspect that you may have been exposed to or have contracted genital herpes, as like other diseases, it may affect your pregnancy.

Like oral herpes, genital herpes has no cure; however, there are some medicine that are shown to reduce the chance of outbreaks and lessen their severity.

One of the most common questions we get is: Can you get sexually transmitted infections from a bathroom?  The answer is largely "No", but that doesn't make your bathroom or a public bathroom any cleaner.  While many pathogens won't survive in the open air, with large volumes of bodily fluids or small organisms like crabs, your chances for infection or infestation are much higher.  There are many things in the bathroom that all of us absolutely hate to touch. We were inspired to write this post by an excellent plumbing company in New Jersey who replumbed our bathroom.  We were thinking about what a typical plumber has to deal with in terms of bodily contamination. Things like the toilet and trash cans are many of the places in the bathroom that every individual is afraid to clean. When you think of what goes into each of these items, most people use the phrase, "I don't even want to think about it." However, we fail to realize that even though those items are incredibly "nasty" and dirty, there are also many other places in the bathroom that are just as dirty than we fail to realize.
Not everyone pays attention to the fact the bath mat outside of your shower is an incredibly dirty item that should be cleaned or replaced frequently. Shower or bath mats sit on the floor becoming completely soaked with water and then are mashed against the bathroom floor. This slows down evaporation and it provides a dark and damp environment for all different kinds of bacteria and mold to grow and expand. Statistics say that bathroom floors have been shown to be the most contaminated areas in the bathroom, excluding the toilet. It is important to be sure to clean these mats properly once a week at the highest level of heat possible, as well as adding in some bleach to kill of any kind of bacteria that has latched itself to the bathroom mat. It is also important to disinfect the floor to be sure that when you place the mat back in the same spot it does not get re-infected by any type of bacteria left there. Another item that is effected in the same way as the bath mat is towels. When you are drying off with your towel, you are unaware of the fact that you are not just drying off the water on your body, when you are drying off the towel is also taking dead skin cells along with it. This means that you are also taking bacteria with the dead skin cells and these are then soaked within your towel. The best thing to do is to change out your towel once a week, wash the contaminated ones, and always wait to use your towel until it is completely dry from the last use.
Laundry bags are another very dirty area of the bathroom. Clothes that are in the hamper have normally been setting inside of the bag with dirt and sweat covering them. There are also underwear and bedding that contain dirt as well, and when you throw all of these items inside of the hamper, you are also soiling the hamper as well. It is prudent to us a clean bag, when you are washing clothes, to be able to put the just washed clothes in so you are not getting them dirty. The hamper that you use for the dirty clothes, you will want to make sure and throw it in the washer as well with the rest of the dirty clothes. This will be a way to make sure that everything is washed and removed of any and all dirt and bacteria.
Makeup and makeup brushes are not what people would normally think as a dirty item in a bathroom. There are many individuals who are unaware of the fact that dolling yourself up each day can actually cause a disease for you. There have been studies that prove that if makeup is used for a long period of time, especially in mascara, can actually contain many creepy crawly things within it that many people would not want to use on their faces. It is important that you replace any and all makeup at least every 6 months to make sure and get rid of any contaminated makeup that can give you a disease.
As most of us are aware, toothbrushes are without a doubt the most useful thing we need to keep the hygiene of our mouth in outstanding shape. However, toothbrushes are absolutely one of the most incredibly dirty places in our bathrooms. Many studies have shown that whenever someone flushes a toilet, that it spews bacteria into the air. As this bacteria settles, it will land on whatever is underneath it. There have been many bacterium found on toothbrushes inside of a bathroom. A very beneficial idea is to keep your toothbrush far away from the contaminate, and also make sure to shut the lid of the toilet before you flush it.

This will keep the spread of bacteria at a more minimal state, which will benefit you when you are putting your toothbrush inside of your mouth. Make sure to rinse out your toothbrush diligently and make sure that it dries completely before your next use. Replacing your toothbrush every 3 to 4 months will also benefit your health.
Therefore, when you are starting to clean your bathroom, keep in mind these other areas that could use some attention as well. Making sure that you keep your bathroom environment as clean as possible will be a way to help keep bacteria at a low, which will help you with your overall health. Paying attention to these small items or items that you don't give much thought to, is a way to keep your bathroom sparkling clean, free of mold, and kill off any and all bacteria.

Genital warts are skin growths in and around the genital area and anus. They are caused by certain types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). However, it is important to note that there are more than 100 types of HPV and different types of HPV produce warts on different parts of the body. For example, plantar warts can develop on the feet and other types of HPV cause hand warts. Meanwhile, high-risk types of HPV can lead to certain cancers while other types of HPV produce genital warts.

Cause: Human Papilloma Virus

In most cases, genital warts are caused by one of two types of HPV--either type 6 or 11. Genital warts can appear in the genital area or mouth. The areas that could be affected by warts include the vagina, cervix, vulva, anus, penis, rectum, and/or scrotum. They are transmitted via person-to-person and skin-to-skin contact, usually during sex interaction. This includes transmission via oral sex. Genital warts are very common. In fact, it is estimated that between 500,000 to 1 million people contract genital warts annually.

Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of genital warts include flesh-colored, tender bumps on the skin that may look similar to cauliflower. It is characteristic of these warts to grow in multiple locations and they may cluster in large masses. Typically, genital warts are painless but can be itchy. It is not uncommon for infected individuals to see or feel genital warts in their vagina, on their penis, or other genital areas. If you engage in oral sex with an infected individual, it is also possible to develop them in your mouth, on your lips, tongue, or even in the throat.

Incubation

Genital warts have diverse incubation periods. They can develop within 6 weeks to 6 months after exposure. In some cases, it may take longer. However, it is important to note that they often grow faster during pregnancy or in people with compromised immune systems. Some circumstances and/or chronic conditions that could result in accelerated development of genital warts include Hodgkin's disease and other forms of cancer, aplastic anemia, chemotherapy, diabetes, anti-rejection drugs following an organ transplant, and/or HIV/AIDS.

Quality of Life

Many people have misconceptions about genital warts. While they can be uncomfortable and/or unpleasant, they are neither life-threatening nor dangerous. However, these warts can cause open sores and/or bleeding, which can increase your risk of secondary infection and even HIV exposure. Another myth about genital warts is that they are linked to cancer. While it is true that HPV can cause cancer and it is also the cause of genital warts, there are different types of HPV that cause cancer and these are not the same types of HPV that are responsible for the development of genital warts.

Nonetheless, since a person can have more than one type of HPV infection simultaneously or at different intervals, it is important to be tested in order to rule out the high-risk types of HPV infection. This is especially true for women and/or expectant mothers. In many cases, genital warts will need to be removed before delivery in order to avoid a variety of complications for the mother and child.

STD Prevention is now taught in schools to students, and there are multiple places that educate people on how to prevent getting an STD. There are several STDs that both men and women need to worry about if they are having sex with a new partner, or an unfamiliar partner (and even a current partner.)

Any doctor's office or planned parenthood clinic has a lot of information on various Sexually Transmitted Diseases and what to do if you get them- and how to prevent them in the first place.

The diseases that could possibly do hard to a person if not treated are chlamydia and gonorrhea. Often times undetectable in women and sometimes in men, either disease can lead to severe problems in the future. Untreated men and women can eventually become sterile, not to mention they could continue the cycle of infection. The best way to prevent getting either of these diseases is to use condoms each time you have sex, or if you're in a committed relationship, ensure that both of you are clean before you have sex.

Syphilis is a disease that will eventually cause a person's brain to rot, and it's a good thing that we now have penicillin to stop syphilis dead in it's tracks. If you have any weird symptoms, even if they go away, you should go to the doctor. However, once again, condoms when used the way they should be are very effective in spreading the disease.

Crabs or pubic lice is not going to be prevented by a condom. You need to use pubic shampoo to kill the critters. If you have 'crabs' then don't have sex- it's that simple.

Condoms and dental dams or women's condoms can prevent the passing of venereal warts and herpes as well. If your partner has herpes, it's a good idea to avoid sex when he or she has an active outbreak because you are so much more likely to acquire the disease that way. If your partner has herpes but it's contained, you should still use condoms to prevent getting the disease. If you want to have children with a person with genital herpes, artificial insemination is an option- but you should never not use a condom under any circumstances.

HIV can be prevented by using condoms as well, especially for anal sex which is more likely to produce tears in the skin and produce an exposure to blood.

Basically, getting an STD can be prevented in two ways. One is always having safe sex with condoms. The second is abstinence. Many times, the second isn't feasible.

Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus. There is no cure for cold sores and they are easily spread from one person to another. Even when cold sores are dormant they can still be transferred to others. There are some things that a person can do to stop the spread of cold sores.

Use Proper Hygiene

Proper hygiene is very important. A person needs to wash their hands often especially before eating. If a person picks up germs including the herpes virus and then touch their mouth they can then get cold sores. A person also needs to wash their hands after going to the restroom especially public restrooms. If a person does have cold sores they need to wash their hands before and after applying medication to it. This will help prevent them from spreading it to others.

No sharing food

While people were taught to share growing up sharing is not always a good thing. Do not share food and drinks with others including glasses, straws, and utensils. This is one of the easiest ways to pass the virus to others.

No kissing

If a person notices that their significant other has cold sores they should not kiss them. They should wait until the cold sore has been gone for at least two days before kissing. While some people give each other a quick kiss hello or goodbye this should also be done with caution. Kissing puts a person at a greater risk for getting cold sores.

No sharing toothbrushes

Never share a toothbrush with others. If a person is expecting company they can purchase an extra toothbrush for their guests to use. Once the toothbrush is used it should be thrown out. Sharing a toothbrush can easily pass the herpes simplex virus from person to person. Sharing toothpaste can also spread the virus. Not only will a person be a risk for getting cold sores sharing these products will keep the symptoms ongoing since they are in direct contact with the virus.

Treat the cold sore

If a person does have a cold sore they need to treat it properly and immediately. The cold sore should be cleaned with a cloth with warm water. The cloth should than be washed and not used again later in the day. Once the mouth is clean a medicated ointment should be applied to the sore to prevent the blister from breaking and spreading. If the cold sore blister were to break open than it will be easier to spread. The blister can also become infected and not only look bad but become painful as well. If these ointments do not work and the cold sores become painful or spread a person should then contact their doctor. They may need additional medication to help the body fight off the cold sore.

These are just some ways that a person can prevent spreading cold sores. While these sores are unsightly they are a rather common problem. Taking proper precautions can help prevent the spread of cold sores and reduce the appearance of signs and symptoms.

Having an STD can be embarrassing. However, the most important thing to do is to take care of yourself and see a doctor immediately if you suspect you have an STD. The cure for an STD is normally not nearly as bad as you might think it is, and by the same token, the repercussions of letting an STD go can be much worse than you think.

The second most important thing to do is to make sure you don't spread it to another person. Think of how violated or disgusted, or even just disappointed you felt when you found out you had an STD and then think of spreading that pain and inconvenience to another person.

There are several things you can do to prevent spreading an STD if you've been diagnosed with one. The first of course, is to abstain from sex when you test positive, until the doctor tells you it's okay to resume sexual activity. This of course, depends on what STD that you have, as some are far more contagious and some have more severe consequences than others.

Use Protection

If you do choose to continue to have sex while infected with an STD, you should always wear a condom if you are a male, and you should always wear a woman's condom and dental dam if you are a female. You should tell you partner of your STD before you have sex so he or she can decide if it's worth the risk. If you have gonorrhea or chlamydia, you are probably taking a course of antibiotics and a condom should prevent spreading it to your partner.

Abstain

If you have genital herpes and you have a current outbreak, you should prevent having sex. It won't be comfortable for you, and it's too risky for your partner. If you have genital herpes and you do not currently have an outbreak, and you are on Valtrex or Acyclovir which prevents flare ups, it is very safe to have sex if you use a condom. You should never have sex without protection whether the disease is dormant or not, and you skin cells can shed and pass the disease whether or not you have an outbreak at the time of intercourse. Condoms and dental dam should be used for oral sex at all times.

The above is the same scenario with someone who is HIV positive. Condoms (men or women) should always be used, as should dental dam and condoms during oral sex. HIV can be virtually untraceable in a person's body with new medical breakthroughs, but it's still always best to use condoms, especially during anal sex which may produce more blood and tearing.

Sometimes there is no solution...

If you have an STD like crabs, you're likely going to pass it on to your partner whether you use a condom or not. Try to shampoo your pubic hair with a crab killing shampoo before you have sex to prevent them from spreading any further.

When it comes to venereal warts, it's sometimes hard to know if you have them. They can be on a woman's cervix and not seen by the eye. You should always wear a condom if you're having sex with a woman and you don't know if she has warts, use a condom.

If you are in a committed relationship be sure to both be tested for STDs before you maintain a healthy sexual relationship.

What Is the Birth Control Pill?

The contraceptive pill popularly known as "the pill" contains hormones that alters how the body functions to ensure pregnancy does not occur. Chemicals that influence how the body organs function are known as hormones. In this case, the pill hormones control the ovaries and uterus.

How It Works

Normally, birth control pills contain progesterone and estrogen to inhibit the production of eggs(ovulation). If you do not ovulate, women can not become pregnant because there is no egg to fertilize. Another effect of the pill is the thickening of the mucus surrounding the cervix, making it hard for sperm to enter the uterus and reach any egg that may have been released. In some cases, the hormones in the pill can also affect the uterine lining, making it difficult for the egg from attaching to their walls.

Scheduling

Most birth control pills come in presentation for 21 days or 28 days. You take a hormone pill every day at about the same time for 21 days. According to the presentation, stop taking the pill for seven days (in the presentation for 21 days) or having a pill without hormones for seven days (in the presentation for 28 days). Women menstruate when they stop taking hormone pills. Some women prefer the presentation for 28 days because it helps them get in the habit of taking a pill every day.

Other Types of Birth Control Pill

There is also a type of combination pill that brings down the rate at which menstruation is experienced which is due to taking a hormone pill for 12 weeks and then a placebo for seven days. This reduces the frequency of menstruation to once every three months instead of once a month.

Another type of pill that can alter the frequency of menstruation is the pill with low dose of progesterone, also called mini-pill. This variation of birth control pill is different from the others because it's not a combination of progesterone and estrogen but contains only one of these twp hormones (progesterone). It works by altering the mucus lining and cervix and, in some cases, it also affects ovulation. The mini pill can be slightly less effective in preventing pregnancy than the combination pills.

The mini pill is taken every day without interruption. Women who take the mini-pill may not menstruating or have irregular menstrual period. To work, the mini-pill is taken at the same time every day, without missing any doses.

Effectiveness

All contraceptive pills are more effective if taken every day at the same time, whether you plan to have sex or not. This is even more important for progesterone-only pills.
When you first start using the pill during the first seven days, women ought to use another method of contraception, in addition to the pill to inhibit pregnancy from occuring. After seven days, the pill may be used alone to prevent pregnancy.

If women stop taking the pill or forget to take them, the contraceptive method will not work and must find an alternative. Another option is to stop having sex for a while. Do not take the pills from a friend or relative.

Chlamydia is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. This infection is so common and spreads easily because it often causes no symptoms in sufferers and may be unknowingly transmitted to sexual partners. In fact, about 75 percent of infected women and 50 percent of infected men exhibit no symptoms.

Since symptoms can be elusive among infected individuals with chlamydia, it is recommended that sexually active men and women receive STD screenings as part of their annual physical and whenever a new sexual partner is introduced. In cases when symptoms do occur, they are noticeable within one to three weeks of exposure and can differ between the sexes. Here are some common symptoms of chlamydia among men and women.

Chlamydia Symptoms in Women

  • Abnormal Vaginal Discharge (Odor or Odorless)
  • Spotting/Bleeding Between Periods
  • Painful Periods
  • Pain During Sexual Intercourse
  • Painful Urination
  • Abdominal Pain With Fever--Burning and/or Itching in or Around the Vagina

Chlamydia Symptoms in Men

  • Cloudy or Clear Discharge From the Tip of the Penis
  • Painful and Swollen Testicles
  • Itching and/or Burning Around the Opening of the Penis
  • Painful Urination

It is important to note that medical consultation and monitoring are required in order to treat chlamydia. Infected individuals must be tested, diagnosed, and treated by medical professionals. There are a few ways your doctor and/or other medical professionals can use to diagnose the STD. There is the swab test which is performed via a standard STD screening. During the exam, a sample swab is taken from the cervix in women and the urethra in men. Then, the specimen is sent to a laboratory to be analyzed. There are also other tests involving urine samples, which can be examined for the presence of the chlamydia bacteria.

Treatment

In terms of treatment, if you are found to be infected with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. Common medications prescribed to treat this condition include Doxycycline and/or Azithromycin (Zithromax). Moreover, your medical professional will also recommend your sexual partner(s) be treated to curtail the spread of the disease and prevent reinfection.

With proper treatment, the infection should clear up within one to two weeks. Even if you begin to feel better and the symptoms improve, it is important to finish all of your antibiotics to ensure the condition is fully treated. In some cases, severe chlamydia infection may require hospitalization, pain medicine, and IV antibiotics.

Once you have completed antibiotic treatment, infected individuals should be re-tested after approximately three months to make sure the condition is cured. This is especially true when there is uncertainty about whether or not your partner(s) have obtained treatment. Even if your partner has been treated, the follow-up testing is necessary. You should also abstain from sex until both you and your partner are cured of the disease.

Abstain from Sex

Any symptoms in your groin area, such as a rash, discharge, burning and/or itching, painful urination, or sores, should be seen as a warning sign. Individuals with these symptoms should stop any sexual activity immediately and a medical professional. If you are diagnosed with chlamydia and/or any other STD(s), notify all of your recent sexual partners and begin treatment ASAP.

We're concluding our last article about sexually transmitted infections.

6. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a very silent and dangerous infection in every sense of the word. This is because it doesn't show any signs or symptoms that an individual has become infected. Chlamydia can cause serious permanent damage.

7. Pubic Lice

Public lice is a form of parasitic insect that gets on to the human body from sexual contact between two. This infection is something that can be spread like wildfire if it isn't watched carefully. The lice that does appear are clear in color and hard to detect with the human eyes. These tiny parasitic creatures do usually dwell in the hair of the genital region.

8. Genital Warts

The Human Papillomavirus or HPV for short is the very thing that does cause genital warts. Genital warts and cancers are the very thing that can be caused to happen by the presence of the HPV virus. Despite the fact that it can be treated. It still is an STD that no one will ever want to have on purpose.

9. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is not a sexual disease per se. It is more like a parasitic type of infection. What this single-cell organism can do is very clear. It is something that has the ability to infect 7.4 million people each year and this is in both sexes.

10. Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is technically not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease. If anything, it is more of a sexually transmitted infection, and it has some defined signs and symptoms. Some of these signs and symptoms of a yeast infection do include itching, a burning during urination, vaginal discharge, and some very unpleasant odors coming from the most tender of all regions. It is the one thing that can cause women yeast infections. These yeast infections are very easy and simple to treat.

Sexual transmitted infections are something that nobody does want to get. They are a class of diseases that can do much damage to people in their own kind of ways. This is why it is imperative to protect against them infecting you and then you go on to infect someone else. Some of the best ways to protect one's self from STDs is very simple. You can choose not to have sex at all. You can also use a latex condom for protection against the chance of infection from an STD. Practice monogamy and choose all sex partner very wisely. You should also get checked regularly for STDs if you are currently sexually active. Limit the number of partners that you do have sex with overall. However, if you don't want the chance of getting any sexually transmitted disease at all. A person's best bet is to abstain from any kind of sex all together.

Sexually transmitted diseases are commonly called STDs and they are diseases that are spread through sexual contact with someone who has an existing STD. This is how they are passed along from one person to the other. You can get a sexually transmitted disease via any form of sexual activity that involves the vagina, penis, anus, or mouth. In the United States alone, it is estimated by the CDC, there are over 19 million new STD infections that are diagnosed each year. This is indeed a very scary thought. It is also, something, which does make one want to refrain from having sex of any kind to be honest. Highlighted here will be between 8 to 10 of the top sexually transmitted diseases to get to know up close and personal.

What are the top sexually transmitted infections? Please read on to learn more. T

1. Syphilis

Syphilis is an STD that barely does make the list of the top ten of the most common of all sexually transmitted diseases. This is because Syphilis isn't as prevalent a sexual disease as it used to be. If anything, it is an STD that is sort of dwindling down a bit, with only about 14,000 cases being reported each year. Syphilis can be a very scary form of sexual disease. This is because it has a countless string of varying signs and symptoms that make it hard to diagnose. Syphilis can remain latent in the human body for 10 to 20 years. The virus can attack numerous parts of the body with the internal organs, heart, brain, nerves, eyes, and the list goes on being affected. The infection can start off with a small sore on the gentles appearing called a chancre that many don't even notice at first.

2. HIV/AIDS

People may tend to believe that HIV/AIDS is one of the most common of all sexually transmitted diseases. However, let the truth be known, and this truth is that HIV/AIDS is not one of the most common. This STD does roughly affect about 50,000 people per year. This is definitely one of the worst of all STDs for a person to get. HIV/AIDS has very deadly effects and it attacks the immune system of a person full force.

3. Hepatitis

Hepatitis B and C are considered to be sexually transmitted diseases in description. Hepatitis B is the one type that is transmitted through body fluids and blood. Hepatitis C is contracted from the use of dirty needles of any kind. Having an infection with hepatitis can prove to be very deadly for the liver. This is because it cause liver problems.

4. Herpes

Herpes is regarded as being one of the byword group amid STDs. This is because it is a sexual disease that does infect roughly about 500,00 and one million people each year. The complications from herpes can be very mild in description. What the worst thing about this sexual disease is that it is not curable.

5. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexual disease of the bacterial infection kind. It is one of the most common, as well as, one of the most infectious of all sexually transmitted diseases. Gonorrhea is one STD that you don't play with at all. Because it can do severe damage to one's body and this is not a good thing at all. Having gonorrhea can bring on pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and also ectopic pregnancy.

Stay tuned for our next article with five more STIs!